« Zero nid de poule » sur nos routes, pour éviter certains types d’accidents! Pourquoi pas un budget ?

 

Sur cette image, ce véhicule a subi un accident apparemment grave. C’est sur la route Fatick-Diakhao-Gossas. Et c’était probablement en 2014. Ceci ne susciterait-il pas une analyse ?

Qu’est ce qui  en a été à l’origine ?

  • Pourquoi n’analyse- t-on pas les accidents comme cela se faisait dans le passé d’après les anciens ?
  • Les acteurs concernés ne devraient-ils pas se réunir ?
  • Ne devrait-on pas en tirer des leçons ?
    • Est-ce la faute unique du conducteur ?
    • Est-ce un manque ou une insuffisance de signalisations ?
    • Est-ce un défaut d’entretien de la route ?
    • La route ne s’est-elle pas effritée ou n’est –elle pas ravinée à cet endroit ?
    • La largeur de nos routes est-elle suffisante ?
    • Est-ce que les balises des bordures de route sont toujours existantes ?
    • Est-ce les balises de virages existent et sont remplacées régulièrement ?
    • Est-ce que les ponts sont balisés ?
    • Est-ce un défaut de réalisation de la route à cet endroit ?
    • Est-ce un défaut du cahier des charges ?
    • Est-ce ….  etc… ?

Si un tel travail est fait,  n’est-il pas question d’en informer la population pour qu’elle prenne elle aussi sa part de responsabilité ?

  • Pourquoi les autorités concernées ne font-elles plus ce travail ?
  • Si elles le font, pourquoi n’informent-elles pas la population ?
  • N’ont-elles plus la compétence requise ?

Une telle analyse devrait concerner :

  • Les autorités chargées de la sécurité routière,
  • Les autorités administratives et coutumières vivant à proximité de la zone concernée,
  • Les assurances qui ne devraient pas se contenter de percevoir tout simplement des primes, en laissant aux victimes les tractations de dédommagement,
  • Le département des travaux publics chargé de surveiller la construction des routes,
  • Le département des travaux publics chargé aussi de faire l’entretien des routes,
    • Si ceux-ci n’existent plus, qu’attend-on pour les ramener ?
    • Les experts concernés ne pourraient-ils pas s’en occuper par du « faire faire » ?
    • Un privé (qui ne s’intéresse qu’à ses gains) pourrait-il s’occuper de cet aspect qui relève de patriotisme et de sens de la responsabilité ?
    • Ce privé, ne serait-il pas poussé à attendre que la dégradation soit consistante pour une facturation plus grosse ?
  • Etc…

Une réunion ne devrait-elle pas concerner les responsables impliqués pour des leçons à tirer ?

Apparemment, on ne fait que constater l’existence de l’accident pour la comptabiliser tout simplement. Et très souvent, c’est uniquement le conducteur qui est incriminé.

Devrait-on s’arrêter là ?

Est-cela simplement le rôle d’une autorité ?

Fait-on des analyses avec des réaménagements pour l’avenir ?

Si l’on analyse cet accident, l’on constatera juste avant l’épave une tâche noire sur la route à droite, dans le sens dans lequel roulait en principe ce véhicule, selon la photo.

Il s’agit apparemment d’un nid de poule récemment réparé.

Il est question de se demander alors quand est-ce que cette réparation a eu lieu.

  1. Si cette réparation a eu lieu après cet incident, il y a lieu de se poser la question de savoir si ce nid de poule n’a pas été à l’origine de ce sinistre.
  2. En effet, si ce véhicule roulait dans le sen s ci-dessus évoqué,
    1. et que, arrivé juste devant le nid de poule, il essaie de l’éviter,
    2. et qu’alors un autre véhicule venant en sens inverse surgit devant lui,
    3. qu’est-ce qui pourrait se passer ?
    4. Est-ce que les deux véhicules ne se feraient pas face ?
    5. Est-ce que ce véhicule aurait le temps de contourner le nid de poule et reprendre sa place à droite ?
    6. Est-ce que ce véhicule n’aurait pas essayé, par suite de panique, de chercher une échappatoire sur sa gauche ?
  3. Si maintenant la réparation a eu lieu avant l’incident, on peut alors tout simplement en déduire qu’il y a eu imprudence.

Cependant, il faut noter que les nids ont été nombreux sur cet axe alors qu’il n’était pas très âgé. Il suffit de regarder cet enregistrement vidéo.

Si l’on se réfère à Google Earth, et que l’on essaye de remonter le temps, l’on peut constater que cette route était en chantier en 2007, comme le montre la vue ci-contre, prise au même endroit.

(Cliquer sur les images pour agrandir)
Début du chantier en 2007. Vue de Google Earth par une remontée du temps.
Vue de 2010 montrant la route terminée.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Vue du 22/09/201 montrant l’endroit du sinistre par Google Earth

Mais on constatera également un caractère prématurément dégradé pour ceux qui emprunteront cette route en 2014. Elle était alors truffée de crevasses qui pouvaient être dangereuses pour un conducteur qui tombent brusquement sur elles.

Vue de Google Earth du 20/12/2014 montrant l’épave du camion

Bien entendu, ces crevasses ont été réparées, et on en voit les traces sur cette vidéo. Mais quand est-ce que la réparation a eu lieu ?

Ne serait-ce pas après le sinistre ?

Bien entendu, mieux vaut tard que jamais.

Vue du 25/02/2016 par Google Earth montrant que le camion a été enlevé à cette date.

Cependant, la situation porte à croire que ces crevasses pouvaient être à l’origine d’un accident.

Il convient de noter que quand on construit un ouvrage, en l’occurrence ici une route, on doit privilégier la qualité.

Bien entendu quelque soit la qualité, une dégradation surviendra.

Donc,  il faut également prendre en compte l’entretien de l’ouvrage. Mais il faut le faire à temps. Il ne faut pas attendre qu’il y ait un incident pour le faire.

C’est cela qu’on appelle « la maintenance ».

En termes plus explicites, on parle alors de la maintenance permanente de la route en bon état d’usage.

Il fallait donc constater que la finalité de cet accident a été que :

  • Il y a certainement eu des dégâts humains et matériels
  • Le coût de ces dégâts peut certainement être supérieur à la réparation de ce nid de poule
  • il conviendra de noter qu’un seul nid de poule peut être à l’origine de plusieurs accidents.

Ne devrait-on pas budgétiser un montant annuel pour l’entretien de nos routes ?

Ceci ne serait-il pas une obligation pour nos autorités ?

  • Ont-elles le droit de dépenser notre argent sans prendre les garanties d’un ouvrage bien réalisé ?
  • Cela ne serait-il pas du gaspillage ?
  • Si l’on investit dans la construction d’une route jugée utile, pourquoi la laisser se dégrader jusqu’à entraîner des pertes en vie humaine ?
  • Pourquoi ne pas la construire avec une qualité acceptable quand on dépense l’argent du public ?
  • Cette budgétisation serait-elle moins prioritaire que beaucoup d’autres choses qu’on fait régulièrement ?  (Par exemple combien dépense-t-on pour les fêtes de fin d’année ?)

Chaque Maire de Commune pourrait prendre la responsabilité de son périmètre, et veiller à l’entretien de son patrimoine.

L’objectif « Zéro nid de poule sur nos routes » pourrait bien être un défi à relever.

Et ce défi pourrait certainement être relevé.

Pour ce faire, chaque Maire pourrait faire travailler ses jeunes, lesquels devront avoir l’obligation :

  • De s’informer sur l’état des routes de leur périmètre.
  • D’attaquer la réparation dès les premiers signes
  • De veiller à ce que les routes les concernant restent toujours impeccables.

Il faudrait alors affecter à ces jeunes ce budget, en veillant à ce qu’ils soient formés, équipés,  et accompagnés  par un ancien professionnel dans la construction et l’entretien des routes, ainsi que par des autorités de la sécurité routière.

  • Ceci serait-il difficile à faire ?
  • Ne gagnerait-on pas alors en routes toujours en bon état ?
  • Ne gagnerait-on pas en baisse des pertes en vie humaine sur la route ainsi que sur les dépenses en santé?
  • Ne gagnerait-on pas en baisse des dégâts matériels sur nos routes?
  • Ne gagnerait-on pas en baisse des dépenses sur les pièces de rechange pour la réparation de nos véhicules?
  • Ne gagnerait-on pas tant soit peu sur les importations correspondantes, et par conséquent sur notre balance des paiements ? (Il convient de noter à l’égard de ceux qui vont minimiser ces gains qu’un économiste ne doit rien négliger et que c’est l’agrégation qui finit par donner de gros chiffres)

 

6 réflexions sur “ « Zero nid de poule » sur nos routes, pour éviter certains types d’accidents! Pourquoi pas un budget ? ”

  1. ?Oxbridge Essays Blog
    19th October 2010
    Following a comment from ‘Girlinthehaze’ on our recent ‘Top ten UK Universities’ article, we have delved into the experiences of students across the country to bring you this report from the academic frontline!
    Of course every student have is different, and varies according to the subject you happen to be studying and therefore the targeted institution you attend, but we hope our ‘day inside the life’ will give a helpful idea for the sort of day-to-day practical knowledge you can actually expect from the UK university. Hopefully this will be helpful to all our readers who are contemplating the next step to higher education and finding it difficult to imagine just exactly what it may entail.
    8.30am (or later at any time you are an arts student!!) Breakfast during the cafeteria.
    The rising times of university students are notoriously erratic and varied! From those crazy rowers who are up before dawn breaking the ice within the river willing to practise before breakfast, to the medics who are up every working day in time for his or her 9am lecture to the English students who have nothing they really want to get up for until the afternoon.
    The thing this really shows you is how a whole lot independence and control over your possess schedule you will have at university . Unlike school where lessons are scheduled throughout the working day, at uni you happen to be a bit more probably to have a number of lectures, supervisions and tutorial sessions scattered through the week. What you do with the time between is up to you.
    However never let this fool you into thinking it is all fun and games – you want to manage your time and use those extra hours to the a lot of greater amount of personal study that will be required of you at university. (This features reading, research and essay composing, all of which you will will have to unearth the time for between lectures).
    9-12 Lectures inside of the lecture hall
    Lectures are generally pretty a novel practical knowledge if you happen to primary arrive at university – usually faculty-organised and attended by the whole 12 months group of students in any given subject, they are often held in old fashioned amphitheatre-like halls. You will often notice yourself sitting over a wooden bench peering down in a professor standing behind a lectern and frantically scribbling around the notepad on your knee.
    Some students report that every lecture was essential to their course (if you’re a medic, you can’t exactly skip over the working day they talk about the knee), others that they ended up way more optional and worth attending only when relevant to your present-day area of study. Below are our top lecture tips:
    If choosing which lectures to attend, make sure you ask advice from students inside of the 12 months earlier mentioned you – lecture series are often repeated annually and they will have the prime info on who are by far the most exciting and interesting speakers and which lectures are most helpful to your course .
    Take notes! It can certainly be very very simple to daydream your way through your number one several lectures, but you will acquire yourself stuck at exam time any time you realise you can’t remember a thing! It is important not only to take notes, but also to keep a clearly organised filing process to keep them sorted by topic – trust me, you’ll be glad you did when it comes to revision!
    Team up. If there are two useful lectures on within the same time (which would seem to happen fairly often) then get together along with a friend and decide to go to one particular lecture each and every, then meet up to swap notes and ideas.
    1-2 Lunch from the cafeteria or again at student accommodation
    University food is often notoriously hit-and-miss, with some students giving rave reviews of their cafe or formal hall fare and others reporting inedible and unidentifiable gloop! A single big piece of advice looks to be that vegetarians are often greater off going to the self-catering option . as almost all reports suggest a distinct lack of multitude and good to university-provided veggie alternate options.
    At any time you do decide to self-cater, you could possibly find out yourself sharing a kitchen with others on your corridor or staircase: if so, you would get a hold of it helpful to glance at these ideas:
    Buy a padlock! It sounds anti-social and dramatic, but after the third or fourth time your food cupboard is cleaned out by drunken third years on their own way back again from the night around the town you’ll would like you’d secured your supplies.
    Begin the process of a kitty. Grouping together accompanied by a bunch of friends in a very shared kitchen and all chipping in for basics like milk and bread would mean it turns out considerably cheaper with the extensive run .
    Make a washing up rota. Mouldy fridges, scummy sinks, piles of encrusted dishes…it simply isn’t worth the hassle of trusting all people to do their private washing up (certainly if you’re sharing your kitchen with boys).
    2-6 Seminars, supervisions and labs
    There are different ranges and sizes of group-organised academic sessions at university and you will be in all likelihood to working experience several different them. Seminars are like a stepping-stone relating to lectures and tutorials – they typically involve close to 30-50 students and are professor-led . but are also able to include some rich and diverse student involvement and discussion. Speaking up in a very seminar are usually advantageous practice for the supervision sessions, where the spotlight will be a whole lot a whole lot more on you. They are also a perfect location to pick up about the broad assortment of conceivable ideas and theories all-around an academic subject, as you get the chance to discuss with so a lot other students.
    Labs are a different type of seminar knowledgeable by medics and science students, often focussing with a particular experiment or (gulp) dissection. We are told it seriously isn’t unusual whatsoever to experience a minor queasy on your very first dissection know-how . and not in any respect frowned upon to take a break and get some fresh air, so never be embarrassed – that formaldehyde smell takes a small having made use of to!
    Supervisions or tutorials typically involve concerning a person and 5 students accompanied by a solitary supervisor and are considerably more like a classroom setting, though a lot way more student involvement is typical than you will have been utilized to at school. Often students are required to prepare an essay in advance belonging to the supervision, which is then learn aloud and discussed within the session . Listed here are our top tutorial tips:
    Always be prepared. Inside a supervision or tutorial there is certainly nowhere to hide at any time you really don’t know the answer to the question – unlike within a lecture or seminar where you can actually keep your hand down and just listen, you will be required to speak up and you will be expected to have prepared. If there’s a established textual content, make sure you have examine it; if you will find an essay required, make sure you have written it . Otherwise you risk not only wasting your individual time but also that of your supervisors and fellow students.
    Be brave. A supervisor may very well sound like they are criticising your perform extremely fiercely, but this is often simply a tactic on their own part to pressure you to definitely defend your ideas and really back again them up with evidence and collaboration. They aren’t trying to make you start looking stupid, they are trying to widen your academic thought and bring out your capacity for intelligent discussion, so really do not be afraid to stand up for yourself and fight your corner (politely, of course!)
    Listen. Some students aren’t utilized to this variety of teaching and locate it difficult at primary not to stick to their have ideas alone. The richest and most exciting teaching sessions happen while you share ideas with your peers and make it possible for their theories to shape and inform your individual .
    6-9 Sports, clubs, rehearsals, debates, hobbies…
    The sheer spectrum of extra-curricular activities around at university can look completely overwhelming if you happen to number one arrive. From teams for every sport beneath the sun to language clubs, debating, music and drama and pretty quite a bit anything else one can think of, when you are interested in it, there will be a society for it.
    Make sure you spend time for the freshers’ fair within your earliest week where every society will have a stand explaining what they’re about and what they offer. There are usually friendly reps on hand to offer advice and data so do not be afraid to ask all the questions you absolutely need to operate out what really takes your fancy. You may usually sign up to as plenty of mailing lists as you like to keep you around the loop about events, meetings auditions and try-outs.
    It is pretty normal to try a whole raft of hobbies with your initially several weeks before narrowing it down to the ones you really just want to pursue (and can manage to fit in to your schedule!) It is generally very acceptable to try some sessions of anything before deciding whether or not to commit to it . Just remember that as time goes on your academic commitments are possible to become greater time-consuming, so make sure you leave yourself enough time to get all your perform done!
    ten Staying in, going out
    Most university towns are packed with nightspots and also the clubs and bars will usually have varieties of student nights on offer. Make sure you take whole advantage belonging to the special offers you you’re able to usually get with your unique student cards.
    Freshers’ week tends to be a whirl of bar crawls, theme nights and ‘bops’ or ‘ents’, but do not sense less than pressure to go to them all – most people needs the odd night in to actually get some reading done! Let us know all about your uni practical experience, and how you manage to fit everything in, employing the comments box below !
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